a/अ ; aa/आ ; i/इ ; ii/ई ; u/उ ; oo/ऊ ; Ri/ऋ ; e/ए ; ai/ऐ
this is ओ, o.
a, aa, i, ii, u, uu, Ri, Rii, LRi, LRii, e, ai make it 12.
'o' is the 13th vowel/letter. it is pronounced like the name of the english letter o; as 'o' of 'old', cold, open etc.
linguistically, o is formed with a + u/uu = o = ओ
words starting with ओ, o :
- o = ओ = a way of calling, like oye, ahoy, hola; compassion like oh; expressing other moods as well.
- o = ओ = name of brahmA
- okaH = ओकः = house
- ojas = ओजस् (ओज) = body strength, vigor, vitality, splendor
- ojasvin = ओजस्विन् (ओजस्वि) = strong, brilliant, resplendent (tejasvi nAvadhItamastu = may our studies be splendid, brilliant, fruitful)
- ota = ओत = woven, with threads. commonly used with ota-prota = interwoven, horizontally and vertically.
- om = ॐ = sacred symbol om (a-u-m)
- oShadhiH = ओषधिः = an herb or medicinal plant. (auShadhiH is also correct)
- oShadhiishaH = ओषधीशः = oShadhi + iishaH = lord of herbs, the moon, which is considered aiding in the herb growth.
- oShThaH = ओष्ठः = a lip. bimboShTha = bimba + oShTha = lips like the ripe bimba fruit (red in color)
how to write 'o' :
au, the 14th vowel.
aa + u/uu = au =औ
'au' is the 14th vowel/letter. it is pronounced close to au as in audience, audition etc.
the most common words formed with au, are usually formed when words starting with 'u' or 'o' are modified by adding a suffix.
- auchityam = औचित्यम् = aptness. from uchita = apt, appropriate
- autsukyam = औत्सुक्यम् = anxiety. from utsuka = anxious
- audArya = औदार्य = generosity. from udAra = generous
- auddhatyam = औद्धत्यं = arrogance. from uddhata = arrogant, rude, insolent.
- audyogika = औद्योगिक = industrial. udyoga = industry, effort.
- aurabhra = औरभ्र = of sheep ; mutton. from urabha = sheep.
- auShThya = ष्ठ्य = labial, relating to the lips. the labial sounds u, oo, p, ph, b, bh, m, w
how to write au?
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