Monday, January 30, 2012

Saraswati Stuti 6,7 - यया विना जगत्सर्वं

Without whom the entire world and eternal life would become like dead, the one who is the presiding deity of "knowing", for that Saraswati, salutation, salutation. || 6 ||

Imagine without the ability to grasp, hold, process and communicate what would we be? We are one of the most helpless animals! No claws, canines, camouflage, furry winter coat, super senses, agility, super size - nothing! We are what we are because of our ability to observe, retain, process and derive (shraddhA श्रद्धा, dhAraNa धारणा, medhA मेधा, vAk वाक्) - that is Saraswati!

Shraddha (shraddhA) is usually translated as faith and then misunderstood as religion. Shraddha is a reverence, respect for something. Like a child should have for parents, a devotee to the divine, a student to the teacher. It does not mean slavery or blind following, but a reverence for things gone before, ancestors who contributed to the world. It is a single word so alien to the modern times of skepticism, questioning for the sake of it and of individualism to the point of solitary self-confinement.

Without sharddha, you gain nothing, you learn nothing. No matter who we are, whenever we have grown, it is because we had some reverence for the person who gave us the growth. Be it eating our dinner with the faith that mother won't harm, or leaning in school that teacher won't tell wrong things. Maybe not the absolute truth, but the best possible truths. When we are driving, we have faith people will follow the rules (at least in the US). If we doubt everything, we will not survive.

Dharana (dhAraNA) is the ability to hold, contain, memory or focus, concentration.

See the sequence - faith, memory, intelligence, speech. When we have faith, then we learn and grow. Then we need the memory and focus to be able to hold what we have observed or learned. With intelligence we need to process that to make it of use, to deduce the future, be it inventions or foresight or forecast. And then, how do we relate it to others? Through speech. Before that, before observing, holding, processing - speech is just babbling.

(See Saraswati Stuti Shloka 2 for the explanation of grasp, hold, process..)

Without whom the entire world would become eternally dumb (without speech) and like insane, that divinity who is the presiding protector of Speech, for that Vani, salutation, salutation. || 7 ||

Imagine no speech. Just dumb. No speech whatsoever. Just grunts, chirps, screechs like monkeys and birds.

Without speech it will be very insane indeed. All our day passes by listening to people - at office, at home, on TV, on the phone, singing our favorite songs, in movies, in games (rarely to ourselves!). How insane it would be, without speech!

Thanks to Speech, Saraswati, for giving us not only faith, retention, intelligence, but sanity.

See other shloka-s from Saraswati Stuti.

And now the language aspects -

यया विना जगत्सर्वं शश्वज्जीवन्मृतं भवेत् ।
ज्ञानाधिदेवी या तस्यै सरस्वत्यै नमो नमः ॥६॥

yayā vinā jagat-sarvam śhaśhvajjīvan-mṛitam bhavét ।
jñānādhidévī yā tasyai sarasvatyai namo namaḥ ॥6॥

yayA vinA jagat-sarvam shashvajjIvan-mRitam bhavet ।
GYAnAdhi-devI yA tasyai sarasvatyai namo namaH ॥6॥

yayA = by which
vinA = without
jagat = world
sarvam = entire
shashvajjIvan = whole life
mRitam = dead
bhavet= becomes
GYAnAdhi-devI = presiding divinity (devI) of knowing (GYAna)
yA = one who (fem.)
tasyai = for her
sarasvatyai = for saraswatI
namo = namaH = salutation
namaH= salutation

यया विना जगत्सर्वं मूकमुन्मत्तवत्सदा ।
या देवी वागधिष्ठात्री तस्यै वाण्यै नमो नमः ॥७॥

yayā vinā jagat-sarvam mūkam_unmattavat-sadā ।
yā dévī vāgadhiṣhṭhātrī tasyai vāṇyai namo namaḥ ॥7॥

yayA vinA jagat-sarvam mUkam_unmattavat-sadA ।
yA devI vAgadhiShThAtrI tasyai vANyai namo namaH ॥7॥

yayA = by which
vinA = without
jagat = world
sarvam = entire
mUkam = dumb, speechless
unmattavat = like insane (unmatta)
sadA = always
yA = that which
devI = goddess
vAgadhiShThAtrI = presiding diety of speech (vAk)
tasyai = for her
vANyai = for Speech (vANi)
namo = namaH = salutation
namaH = salutation

(c) shashikant joshi । शशिकांत जोशी । ॐ सर्वे भवन्तु सुखिनः ।
Practical Sanskrit. All rights reserved. Check us on Facebook.

1 comment:

Seeker of Equanimity said...

thank you for this great translation and helping us understand the proper meanings of the vedic texts :-)

Post a Comment

please do ADD your NAME and PLACE, after the comment.